With a mix of agro-forestry and forest conservation we sustainably seuquestre CO2 in our plantation
Farm income of Zambian Smallholder Farmer is generated by Valorising Organic Waste using Black Soldier Flies
Linking smallholder farmers to the global markets generates a major development impact across rural communities.
With this sustainabiity project, the Mt. Sunzu Coffee Estate contributes mainly to the three UN SDG “Clean Water and Sanitation”, “Climate Action” and “Life on Land”. We will strengthen the resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters, promote mechanisms for raising capacity for effective climate change-related planning and management, act as CO2 sink on the 300-hectare farming land as well as on the 470-hectare ecological conservation zone, thus contributing to the global climate goal.
The Mt. Sunzu Coffee Estates introduces an impact assessment framework for the agriculture sector, which generates evidence-based results for adaptation, monitoring, tracking and reporting of CO2 sequestration. We propose a mix of different reforestation scenarios, inclusive agroforestry, woodlots, boundary planting and assisted natural regeneration, to focus on farm resilience and productivity of the 300-hectare coffee farm, while ensuring cost-effective carbon sequestration. Additionally, forest conservation and reforestation models are introduced on the remaining 470 hectares that are foreseen as conservational ecological zones, which will be integrated in the tracking and reporting of CO2 sequestration.
Together with a company specialized in this field, e.g. South Pole Group, we plan to assess the CO2 sequestration potential of a new coffee plantation and the surrounding ecological conservation area. The carbon benefits can then be marketed as an off-setting activity. This climate change mitigation project enables us to improve our land management methods through tree planting, the adoption of sustainable agroforestry techniques, and access to carbon revenue streams.
What if organic waste could be used for local feed production to improve the soil, local economy, nutrition diet and well-being? The Mt. Sunzu Estate developed a strategy to provide tools for local smallholder farmers to help themselves to grow out of poverty. Knowledge transfer regarding the production of the black soldier fly (BSF) – Hermetia illucens – larvae is an innovative solution for smallholder farmers to diversify their household income. At the same time, the by-products can be reintroduced to the farming activities of the smallholder farmers as organic fertilizer and boost their productivity.
The bio-waste processing scheme used by Mt. Sunzu Coffee Estate will follow a semi-centralised approach, having a larger processing and distribution facility on the farm supplied by many outsourced small-scale BFS systems, which are owned and operated by small-holder farmers in the region. The farmers use their organic waste and agricultural by-products (e.g. pulp of coffee beans) as substrate for their BSF larvae production. The Mt. Sunzu Coffee Estate collects and buys the BSF larvae from the small-holder farmers, thus generating additional household income. The Mt. Sunzu Coffee Estate commercialises the larvae in bulk quantities by selling them to local pisciculture and piggery farms who will use the larvae to add a protein rich component to their feed programme.
The Mt. Sunzu Coffee Estate contributes mainly to the five UN SDG “No Poverty”, “Zero Hunger”, “Good health and well-being”, “Decent Work and Economic Growth”, “Industry Innovation and Infra- structure” and ultimately to “Responsible Consumption and Production”. We will promote a technical and economic solution of the low-tech BSF bioconversion system for organic waste, valorise organic waste, produce a reliable protein source for local pisciculture and piggery farms, improve the sanitation on smallholder farms by processing organic waste and create a new income source for local small-holder farmers.
Many factors limit the ability of smallholder farmers to boost their productivity thus making the transition from subsistence farming to market-oriented production impossible. They commonly lack security of tenure over their land, which restricts investments in land improvement. They also typically lack access to productivity-enhancing inputs such as improved seed, fertilizers, water and information. As a result, smallholder farmers are unable to deliver the volume and quality of produce that commercial buyers – retailers, processors and other agribusiness firms – require, which in turn limits the development of markets for their agricultural produce.
The Mt. Sunzu Coffee Estate functions as a service provider and facilitator for Zambian smallholder farmers. By providing productivity-enhancing inputs such as improved seeds and fertilizers as well as information and training on good agricultural practices, local farmer will be able to produce and deliver coffee in reasonable volumes and quality. The Mt. Sunzu Coffee Estate in turn, processes the coffee and links the smallholder farmers to the international coffee market.
The Mt. Sunzu Coffee Estate contributes mainly to the six UN SDG “No Poverty”, “Zero Hunger”, “Decent Work and Economic Growth”, “Reduced Inequalities”, “Responsible Consumption and Production” and “Partnerships for the Goal”. This partnership demonstrates how farmers can move beyond subsistence farming. The steady income from sustainable practices will improve over time, and therefore has the potential to bridge gaping inequalities. This outgrower scheme provides sustainable livelihoods to small farmers in developing countries, making them key partners in rural development and agricultural modernization.